A citation is required whenever you quote directly form a source, refer to it, or paraphrase it. Sources come in a variety of different formats, such as books, articles, videos, audio recordings, unpublished materials and more. It is up to you to determine what citation style your subject area requires, and how to properly cite your sources according to the appropriate style guide.
Citing sources is a vital step in all professional and scholarly communication. You need to be able to show your audience the sources you used to create your work, and how they helped you reach your conclusion. In some instances, your reader may wish to go directly to a source you cite; providing an accurate citation will help them locate it.
Skeen Library has a copy of Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for library use only. We also provide digital access to The Concise APA Handbook and APA Guidelines for Students. See below for other useful links.
Here are some other useful links:
Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page (do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title). All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay.
Please note: While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources. Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. For more information, see page 193 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed., 2nd printing.
Courtesy of Purdue OWL
A free reference management and academic social network, Mendeley can help you organize your research, collaborate with others online, and discover the latest research. Features include the ability to automatically generate bibliographies, import papers from other research software, discover relevant papers based on what you're reading, online access to your papers, and apps for iOS and Android.
A free, open-source citation management tool that is available as a standalone program or an extension in Chrome and Firefox. Like other reference management tools, Zotero offers plugins for Microsoft Word and Open Office so you can insert citations as you write.
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